When it comes to nutritional requirements, do you imagine how horse takers care about their healthy feeds? As we celebrate the most famous championships through streaming horse racing while having some drinks or nibbles. A healthy horse needs large quantities of high-quality protein and minerals to run better in championships. Young horses require plenty of protein to grow up their muscles. Horse racers only demand performances in the competitions. Their needs typically begin with energy demand. The performance of your horse also depends on how you feed to him. To understand & give racehorse’s maintenance energy requirements we have to follow the following diet plan.
Dietary energy (DE)
This energy is expressed within the kind of mega calories digestible energy. it’s the ample quantity of energy within the diet that is absorbed by a horse. The consideration of DE is measured by the horse’s maintenance. In addition to this, it can be increased or decrease according to the energy consumption during exercise. A normal horse needs 16-17 Mcal of DE each day. For the racehorses, this can be double as per their efforts.
Fiber is a fully nutritional way to provide proper protein to your horse. The end products of fiber can become energy source in a day. Rich forage should be considered in a feeding program. The gut function is crucial for horse health. Tournament participant horses ought to be fed 15-20 lb per day of fresh grass hay.
The clean grass may be Timothy or oaten hay. On the opposite aspect alfalfa hay, 2-4 lb or 0.9 to 1.8 kilogram per day can also be given. This amount of fiber helps to maintain their DE requirement. Apart from this, the higher amount of fiber gives them strength to fight against gastric ulcers and colic.
Solely feeding hay won’t work for a racehorse which he remains left with some dietary energy. The remaining energy can be supplied through other energy sources. Straight cereal grains such as oats, corn were given to the horse in the past times. The most supplements of cereal grains are starches. Starch digestion results rise in blood glucose and insulin that chop-chop ferment within the cecum and colon. These are the main factors included in glycogen synthesis.
There is a limit for feeding starch to horses. When a huge amount of grain meals are fed to horses a portion of the starch may escape digestion. The alterations within the microbial populations will result in hindgut acidosis. Due to hindgut acidosis horse develops an eating disorder, colic, or show stereotypical behaviors.
Fat is also a source of energy which is a source of calories in a concentrated form. Generally, horses do not consume a large amount of fat. They digest fats very efficiently especially vegetable oils. Racehorses can digest more than 80% of the vegetable oil. They can digest even high as 500-600 ml per day.
The higher levels should be achieved slowly. The energy destiny in vegetable oils is very high. Because fat has excellent high digestibility so it is a good source of energy.